NIC 2008 – National Industrial Classification for India
National Industrial Classification – 2008
National Industrial Classification 2008 (NIC-2008) is a revised version of NIC-2004. The 38th session of the UN Statistical Commission recommend that countries should make an effort either to adopt national versions of the ISIC, Revision 4, or to adjust their national classifications in such a way that data can be presented according to the categories of the ISIC, 10 Revision 4. Specifically, countries should be able to report data at the two-digit (division) level of the Classification without a loss of information; that is, national classifications should be fully compatible with this level of the ISIC, or it should be possible to arrange them.
India being a part of the UN Expert group on classification, decided to adopt ISICrev. 4 as a basis to build up revised version of its own activity classification, NIC-2004. The National Industrial Classification 2008 seeks to provide a basis for the standardized collection, analysis and dissemination of industry (economic activity) wise economic data for India. Apart from being the standard industrial classification, that underpins Indian Industrial Statistics, NIC is widely used by the government agencies, industry associations and researchers for various administrative, analytical and research purposes. The revised NIC-2008 provides a more contemporary industrial classification system. Changes in structure and composition of the economy, changing user requirements and comparability with international standards have been taken into account while developing NIC-2008.
The structural difference between NIC-2004 (based on ISIC-rev.3.1) and NIC-2008 (based on ISIC-rev. 4) is in grouping of activities since more emphasis on ‘relevance’ was considered.
All the activities are grouped into several “activity groups” or “tabulation categories” in a hierarchical manner. Activities are first grouped into ‘section’ alphabetically coded from A through U, every section is divided into ‘division’ with 2-digit numeric code, every division into ‘group’ with 3-digit numeric code, every group into ‘class’ with 4-digit numeric code and every 4-digit class into 5-digit ‘sub-class’. The structure is illustrated below.
Section C Manufacturing
Division 13 Manufacture of textiles
Group 131 Spinning, weaving and finishing of textiles
Class 1311 Preparation and spinning of textile fibres
Sub-Class 13111 Preparation and spinning of cotton fibre including blended cotton
The structure of NIC-2008 is identical to the structure of ISIC Rev. 4 up to 4-digit level ‘class’. Classes were then divided into 5-digit ‘sub classes’ according to national requirements.